The MCSP working definition of sustainable procurement breaks down sustainable procurement into three sustainability sub-categories that provide a deeper understanding of the scope of influence that sustainable procurement has within the marketplace. Our definition is intentionally broad to capture the range of different types of sustainable procurement practices, namely:
Green or Environmentally Preferable Procurement
Procurement that takes into account environmental attributes of a product or service with the goal of mitigating environmental impacts such as greenhouse gas emissions, toxicity, energy consumption,
waste generation, excessive resource use, etc.
Purchasing products and services to avoid sweatshop labour and
ensure fair labour practices within production facilities; often supported at the
implementation level by a Supplier Code of Conduct.
Purchasing that is intentionally directed toward promoting health
and safety, local economic development, diverse and minority groups, social enterprises,
Living Wage, local food, Fairtrade or other measures that improve the health and wellbeing
of individuals and communities.
Source: The State of Sustainable Public Procurement in Canada, 2017